|Tool||A description of key elements of a Code of Conduct (CoC). In combination with the WSI operating principles, you can use this outline to establish a CoC for your WSI.|
|Related Key Activities||Clarify expectations of WSI behavior, development of an MoU.|
|Questions Addressed||How do we set out expectations for proper behavior of WSI participants?|
|Purpose||Outline expectations for behavior of WSI participants, thereby ensuring integrity issues related to conduct are taken into account, and removing the possibility of ethically dubious decision-making or action that might undermine the WSI:
|Possible Users||WSI participants|
|Level of Effort||The CoC should build on work completed in previous phases, therefore the CoC formalization should be a relatively simple, though significant preparatory work and can be completed in tandem with the development of an MoU and clarifying expectations of behavior.|
|WSI Phase||2: Formalization.|
A Code of Conduct (CoC) is a “statement of principles and values that establishes a set of expectations and standards …, including minimal levels of compliance and disciplinary actions.” Most countries have a general CoC for public officials as well as relevant legislation on conflicts of interest. Where relevant, the WSI should draw on relevant legislation in the development of the CoC. Developing a shared understanding of integrity in a specific WSI is an essential exercise in stakeholder collaboration that serves to build trust among actors, share experiences and good practices, identify shared values, and clarify expectations. As a central reference, a CoC guides WSI participants when dealing with ethical dilemmas and grey areas in decision-making and engagement processes.
Guidance for implementation
The diagram below lays out the key steps to undertake to develop a CoC. To get hesitant individuals on board for the development of a CoC and build confidence in it, participatory integrity risk management exercises (see Tool 1b) can be helpful. In such a workshop, participants establish the most relevant measures that should be implemented to ensure they are adequately managed.