Key Activities for WSI Integrity Management


Below is a summary of key activities organized around the stages of a WSI project life cycle.

Phase 1: Incubation and Initial Analysis
Identify and map stakeholders affected by the WSI (or their legitimate proxies), as well as those with a significant ability to influence the WSI.
Undertake an initial analysis of affected stakeholders’ track records, incentives, and intentions.
Undertake a participatory context analysis for the WSI to understand ongoing public sector–led efforts and policy objectives related to sustainable water management, and evaluate the implications for the WSI.

Phase 2: Formalization
Determine whether and how affected stakeholders (or their proxies) can be appropriately represented in the WSI.
Define among WSI participants the scope, objectives, and public interest benefits of the WSI, as well as the benefits of the WSI for respective participants.
Complete an analysis of WSI participants’ track records, incentives, and intentions, as well as their respective capabilities and constraints.
Assign among WSI participants suitable roles and responsibilities for all activities, coordination tasks, processes, and procedures.
Jointly identify and establish equitable decision-making structures and processes within the WSI, ensure that effective communications occur among WSI participants and with affected stakeholders, and clarify how financial issues will be handled.
Clarify expectations of behavior to guide participants’ engagement in the WSI.
Explore organizational forms that align with the purpose and nature of the WSI.
Assess the likelihood of policy capture, establish adequate safeguards to reduce capture risks, and establish a mechanism for monitoring and oversight of such risks.
Establish an exit strategy for the WSI.
Establish an M&E mechanism that enables WSI participants to understand both expected and unexpected outcomes, and determine whether the WSI is meeting its stated objectives.

Phase 3: Implementation
Monitor WSI participant representation and engagement of affected stakeholders over the course of the WSI, and take action to balance interests where needed.
Monitor WSI participant adherence with and exceptions to defined governance procedures. Ensure that issues of non-compliance with WSI agreements are addressed in a timely and appropriate manner. Monitor and audit the adherence to financing and audit protocols, and refine those in case provisions are not suitable or sufficient.
Regularly question and verify the WSI’s theory of change, and adapt/improve as needed to ensure it is aligned with stated WSI objectives and contributes to sustainable water management more generally.
Periodically make accessible to WSI participants and affected stakeholders information on performance of the WSI in relation to stated objectives and predicted benefits.

Phase 4: WSI Completion, Renewal, or Upscaling
Undertake a participatory final evaluation and financial audit of the WSI, and communicate results to affected stakeholders.
Engage affected stakeholders in the decision-making process for renewing, upscaling, or completing the WSI.
Establish a process to monitor for and evaluate capture risks during the completion and/or transformation of the initiative.
For completion, establish appropriate mechanisms for managing residual finances and assets from the initiative.
When renewing, initiatives may also consider (a) undertaking activities under Phase 1 to understand the continued need for the WSI given current realities, and (b) undertaking an integrity risk assessment to ensure integrity management is embedded in the WSI’s ongoing implementation.
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