Phase 1: Incubation and Initial Analysis


Key Activities and Related Tools

Identify and map stakeholders affected by the WSI (or their legitimate proxies), as well as those with a significant ability to influence WSI outcomes.

The stakeholder mapping should be used as an opportunity to assess the capacities of different stakeholders and their ability to contribute to the WSI.

How? Identifying relevant stakeholders and understanding their perspectives and interests is known as stakeholder mapping. Use Tool 3: Mapping a WSI’s Key Stakeholders to identify affected and influential stakeholders in order to take into account their legitimate interests and knowledge.

Undertake an initial analysis of WSI participants’ track records, incentives, and intentions.

How?To understand these issues, an initial due diligence process should be conducted. It involves the systematic collection and analysis of information on how a particular organization is managed or how a company does business. The investigation reveals whether a potential WSI participant commits to professional and ethical business practices, and uncovers the risks and opportunities involved in a potential initiative. It also reveals conflicts of interest and participants’ intentions. Use Tool 4: WSI Participants Due Diligence Investigation to carry this out. WSI participants may undertake an exercise that leads to a “declaration of interest” that clearly states the benefits respective participants expect to realize from engaging in the WSI.

Undertake a participatory context analysis for the WSI to understand ongoing public sector–led efforts and policy objectives related to sustainable water management, and evaluate the implications for the WSI.

  • As part of this analysis, WSI participants should thoroughly explore and document alternative options to the WSI, and evaluate if and how the WSI option is best suited to address the identified water challenges, opportunities, and underlying factors.
  • The analysis should explicitly specify the water-related challenges and opportunities and the underlying factors or gap(s) the WSI seeks to address. In doing so, it should delineate how the WSI aligns with public policy objectives and strategies, and is expected to yield public interest benefits related to water. This entails assessing potential positive or negative impacts of the WSI on the resources of government institutions, and how they can be maximized or mitigated.
How? Use Tool 5: Assessing the Context of a WSI, which provides practitioners with a structured approach to assessing the wider environment of the WSI and understanding the root causes of the water-related challenges it aims to tackle. The tool lays out a stepwise approach to undertaking such a process, including how to incorporate stakeholder perspectives, key questions to ask, and overall tips.

Other Applicable Tools

Tool 1a: WSI Integrity Risk Assessment The purpose of carrying out a risk assessment is to enable the WSI to take the measures necessary to ensure high levels of integrity among its individual participants, for the governance and management of the initiative, and for its relationship with the broader context and environment. Understanding which integrity risks are most likely and most hazardous provides the basis to manage integrity systematically. This is key to avoiding potential policy capture and credibility issues for the WSI partners, and can help maximize value for money, longevity, and positive impact for the environment and society. An integrity risk assessment may be carried out at any stage in a WSI, though it will be most beneficial at the outset.

Tool 2: WSI Model — A Template to Describe the Logic of WSIs The WSI model provides a structure through which WSI participants can discuss and agree on key aspects of the WSI in simple terms, establishing a shared understanding among all participants. Doing so helps create transparency and provides key information for an analysis of the most salient integrity risks the WSI may face. Beyond this, the WSI model helps to clarify the theory of change of the initiative. The WSI model can and should be reviewed and updated throughout the project life cycle.

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